The hazards of missing teeth
1. Functional hazards
The integrity of the teeth is destroyed: After a tooth is missing, if it is not repaired for a long time, the adjacent teeth will become inclined due to the loss of support and restraint, which may easily lead to dysfunction of the bite.
Alveolar bone atrophy: after tooth loss, the physiological stimulation of the alveolar bone by the normal bite force no longer exists, and the alveolar bone will have different degrees of disuse atrophy, and it will restore the dentures and maintain the oral and maxillofacial area in the later stage. balance and stability bring great difficulties.
Decreased masticatory function: After teeth are lost, a series of changes have taken place in the remaining teeth, resulting in changes in the original good bite relationship. Due to the corresponding reduction in the effective functional area between the remaining teeth, the chewing efficiency is reduced.
Food impaction: The normal teeth are arranged very closely. After the adjacent teeth move, there will be gaps between the teeth. It is easy for food to be impacted into the gaps between the teeth, causing bad breath, dental caries, periodontal disease, etc.
Tooth loss: Since the teeth on the left and right of the missing tooth cannot get the support pressure they normally have, they can become skewed in the gums, gradually loosening the teeth and causing some of the teeth to fall out.
2. Cosmetic hazards
Temporomandibular joint disease: Long-term missing unilateral teeth will also develop the habit of unilateral chewing, resulting in facial asymmetry and joint symptoms.
Affecting facial shape: After all teeth are missing, the whole person will look much older than their peers.
Affecting social interaction: tooth loss can make people's pronunciation become non-standard and affect communication activities.