Periodontal disease and periodontal treatment
Periodontal disease refers to various diseases that occur in periodontal supporting tissues, such as gums, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and cementum. Periodontal disease is divided into two categories, gum disease and periodontitis. Gum diseases include chronic gingivitis, adolescent gingivitis, pregnancy gingivitis, drug-induced gingival hyperplasia, gingival fibromatosis, gingival tumor, acute papillitis, acute multiple gingival abscess, and acute necrotizing ulcer. Periodontitis includes chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis. The concomitant lesions of periodontitis include periodontal and pulpal combined lesions, furcation lesions, periodontal abscesses, gingival recession, root sensitivity and root surface caries.
Periodontal disease is a disease of the periodontal tissue of the teeth. The main clinical features of periodontal disease are:
1. Bleeding gums. Bleeding gums is one of the most common clinical symptoms of periodontal disease, and patients often seek medical treatment because of bleeding gums.
2. Alveolar bone resorption. The alveolar bone of patients with periodontal disease has obvious vertical or horizontal bone resorption, resulting in loose teeth.
3. During oral examination, it can be found that patients with periodontal disease have very deep periodontal pockets, and sometimes pus overflows from the periodontal pockets.
4. Loose teeth.
Basic periodontal treatment is the most basic treatment that every patient with periodontal disease must receive. Basic periodontal therapy can successfully treat most periodontal diseases and is an essential preparation stage for periodontal and other oral treatments. Treatment at this stage is also known as treatment to eliminate the cause, and its main contents include:
1. Instruct patients on the methods of self-control of plaque, and the correct use of oral cleaning tools, such as toothbrushes, dental floss and interdental brushes.
2. Extraction of unreserved teeth.
3. Implement scaling and scaling to eliminate plaque and calculus.
4. Eliminate the factors of plaque retention, such as filling cavities, correcting bad restorations, etc.
5. Necessary occlusal adjustment is performed after the inflammation is controlled, and temporary loose tooth fixation can be done if necessary.
6. If necessary, it can be supplemented with drug treatment.